There is nothing more dynamic than modern technology. It has been enhancing our way of living and enabling progress in various sectors continuously, and is predicted to have profound impacts on all businesses in the coming years. Did you know that in 2012, 10% of cars were connected to the internet and it’s estimated that by 2020, about 90% of cars will be internet connected?
According to PwC research, business executives of different companies are eager to adapt Artificial Intelligence (AI) in near future to decrease menial and repetitive tasks like timesheets (78%), scheduling (79%), and paperwork (82%). Here’s another one – by 2020, you might be among 100 million customers shopping in augmented reality, as predicted by Gartner!
How crazy is that?
The major factor of technology is creating change and providing ways in which that change impacts society and businesses. Many individuals experience a future shock element when the changes in technology happen rapidly that they are unable to handle or tolerate that change, as well as its consequences.
For instance, the elder generation experienced future shock when they began dealing with the internet, tablets, and smartphones. Some even resisted this change by refusing to use advanced technologies in their lifestyle even if it meant making their lives easier.
Nevertheless, the fact remains that the evolution of technology has resulted in its adaptation by all sectors of businesses. Today’s information age has witnessed drastic progress and changes in almost every field thanks to technology. This advancement in technology has made its way to various types of technology. Let’s have a look at 16 different types of technology that are being used in today’s world.
Table of Contents
- 1. Communication Technology
- 2. Construction Technology
- 3. Product Technology
- 4. Medical Technology
- 5. Architecture Technology
- 6. Business Technology
- 7. Educational Technology
- 8. Information Technology
- 9. Space Technology
- 10. Artificial Intelligence
- 11. Robotics Technology
- 12. Superintelligence
- 13. Agriculture Technology
- 14. Assistive Technology
- 15. Operation Technology
- 16. Entertainment Technology
Communication is indeed rather essential in all aspects of our personal and professional life to express emotions, share information, exchange ideas and what not. Communication technology is probably one of the most common technologies being vastly used in our everyday life. Advancement in technology has enhanced the ways to communicate information from one place to another. It helps us to communicate with each other with more convenience, in less time, and with greater accuracy.
Communication technology helps in transmitting data or information by using various devices like telephone, radio, television, and the internet. Businesses also utilize communication technology for facilitating the flow of knowledge and information in workplaces, promoting innovative services or products, serving consumers requests and needs, and in their decision making processes.
Construction technology is related to the equipment and methods utilized to build both advanced and basic buildings and structures. This can include heavy engineering structures like bridges. The methods of construction use different heavy machinery and tools like tractors for land preparation, computer software to design and create a digitalized version of the building or structure. These construction tools help in enhancing the operational efficiency and ensuring that the builders complete the project with minimum issues and accidents, within the specified budget and within the given deadline.
3. Product Technology
Product technology is the understanding of specifications and characteristics of a service or product created as per the needs of the market and manufacturing processes. It is the specific technology used by the manufacturer of the service or product, its manpower, standards, materials, design specifications, procedures and methods. It helps in determining the functional characteristics, properties, and structure of the product to ensure it meets the requirements and needs of the customer.
This is the most effective and beneficial type of technology as it assists in improving and extending human life. Medical technology is a vast field in which innovation has played a significant role in sustaining human health by helping in reducing the pain and speeding up the recovery process. Developed countries around the globe have benefitted the most with the adaption of this technology in their healthcare systems. Many developing countries also have invested in modern medical technology to improve the health of their populations.
It comprises areas like pharmaceuticals and biotechnology to utilize the best possible medical equipment for researching, diagnosing and treating diseases and infections. Major contributions have already been made and more are underway to further improve the healthcare. From small innovations like ankle braces and bandages to advanced technologies like artificial organs and MRI machine – technology has indeed made an unbelievable impact on the field of medicine.
This type of technology is the application of modern technology for designing buildings. Architecture technology is the component of building and architecture engineering and is often referred to as its sub-category or distinct discipline. New technologies and materials generated new construction methods and design challenges throughout the building’s evolution, more specifically since the emergence of industrialization in the 19th century.
Architecture technology spans engineering, building science, and architecture and is practiced by building/architectural engineers, structural engineers, architectural technologists, and architects, as well as others developing concept or design in buildable reality. It helps with various elements of buildings, including smart windows and elevators.
Business technology is the application of information, engineering, data and science for businesses related purposes like achieving organizational and economic goals. This technology helps in the proper and systematic running of businesses and for enhancing different business functions and operations. This typically includes a mixture of hardware and software.
Small businesses utilize technology to establish innovative ways of competing with established businesses and to generate new leads. Technology helps even home businesses to be perceived as a big company which helps that business to gain a competitive position in the market.
What exactly is business technology? It is a tech which is integrated into the business operation directly. For instance, a television in a living room is not a business technology but a streaming channel developed by a company to distribute engaging content to the audience is definitely business technology. The difference between other technologies and business technology is the business integration; a technology device present in your business and a technology device being actively involved in your business are two different things, the latter being a part of business technology.
Educational technology aims at enhancing the performance of students by managing and establishing different technological resources and processes in a classroom or any learning environment. The
technologically advanced academic discipline prepares students to attain deeper knowledge and understanding of subjects. It assists the students in learning ways of devising solutions to problems with the help of research, utilization of information, evaluation, and design.
Educational technology creates a learning environment that aids in improving ways of learning. It helps in motivating students and encouraging individual learning. It provides easier access to educational materials and helps students in learning new languages and subjects through gamification.
8. Information Technology
This technology comprises a set of software and hardware tools utilized to process, transfer and store information. These tools of information technology provide the right individuals with accurate and updated information at the right time. Knowledge works in businesses utilize information technology to successfully complete different tasks, including enhancing customer service, transferring the right information that helps with the decision making process of the organization and more. This information age has made it essential to manage systems of information for ensuring efficiency and accuracy.
Information technology also includes MIS (Management Information Systems), which helps to plan the usage, management, and development of information technology tools to assist workers in performing
tasks associated with management and processing. Major financial institutions like banks utilize information technology for operating their business process and to provide high-quality customer service.
This technology is developed by the aerospace industry or space science to utilize in space exploration, satellites, and spaceflights. It is used to commercialize or explore space like communication satellites and spacecraft. Space technology includes space stations, satellites, spacecraft, and support procedures, equipment, and infrastructure.
Space is a novel environment due to which working in it requires special techniques and tools. Numerous daily services including satellite television, GPS systems, remote sensing, weather forecasting, and other long-distance communications rely critically on space infrastructure.
Other sciences like earth science and astronomy also benefit from space technology. Innovative technologies that accelerate by or originate with space-related activities and accomplishments are typically later utilized by other economic endeavors.
10. Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is also called machine intelligence. It is the intelligence the machines demonstrate, contrasting to the natural intelligence demonstrated by animals and humans. According to computer science, artificial intelligence research is known as intelligent agents study. A device perceiving its environment and taking action which maximizes its chances of attaining its goals successfully can be referred to as artificial intelligence.
Some examples of artificial intelligence include:
- Speech recognition
The core element of artificial intelligence is knowledge engineering. Machines can react and act like humans when they have sufficient information about the world. Artificial intelligence needs to have access to properties, categories, objects, and relations among them for implementing knowledge engineering.
Robotics technology is a field which is related to artificial intelligence. It is the utilization of machines, construction, operation, and designing robots for performing tasks that were done by humans. It also uses different computer systems for information processing, sensory feedback and to control. The technologies in this field are utilized to create machines that can replicate the actions of humans and can be used as their substitute.
Robots need intelligence to tackle tasks like object navigation and manipulation, as well as mapping, motion planning, and localization. Robots are widely being used in various industries like automobile manufacturers for performing repetitive and simple tasks, as well in industries where work is required in environments and situations that are hazardous for humans. Innovation in technology has enabled robots to have senses equivalent of humans like sensing temperature, touch, and vision. Some advanced robots are able to make a simple decision.
Research is now being geared towards creating robots with a certain level of self-sufficiency, which will allow decision-making ability and mobility in an unstructured environment.
Superintelligence is the technology which demonstrates intelligence that surpasses even the smartest and most gifted minds of humans. It can also be referred to problem-solving systems like engineering assistants and superintelligent language, doesn’t matter if these enhanced intellectual competencies are embedded in agents acting in the real world.
Some concept of superintelligence is that specific types of artificial intelligence activities are supposedly able to trigger a runaway reaction in which the artificial intelligence exceeds the capacity of humans and begins manipulating or controlling humans in certain ways. This technology is linked to the ‘singularity’ concept that indicates that a trigger or catalyst might cause a drastic change, which is way beyond the anticipation of humans.
As such, this technology has a major role in numerous discussions regarding the artificial intelligence ethics, ways to proceed with its progress and how to protect humanity from certain artificial intelligence liabilities of runaway artificial intelligence model.
There are numerous theories and ideas, some of which being utilized in movies as well, that artificial intelligence might determine ways of manipulating and controlling the human beings, although this does not seem feasible on the basis of current technology. Superintelligence is a technology that is still under progress but as systems and interfaces become more interactive, humans are approaching virtual communication models; these superintelligence concerns are becoming more well-founded.
This technology refers to the technologies for machine production that are utilized on a farm. Agricultural pieces of machinery are created for almost all stages of the farming and other agricultural processes. This includes machines for packaging and sorting products, feeding livestock, threshing grain, harvesting crops, protecting crops from weeds and pests, cultivating crops, land irrigation, seed plantation, and soil tilling.
This technology is amongst the most impactful and revolutionary type of modern technology which is derived from the basic need for food for a constantly growing population. Agricultural technology has made way to an era where powered machinery performs the jobs that were performed formerly by humans, as well as animals like horses and oxen.
These machines created with the help of advanced technology has significantly enhanced the output of farms and massively altered the way individuals produce food and are employed in the agricultural sector all over the world. The individuals that are trained to make agricultural structures, equipment, and machinery are called agricultural engineers. Mechanized agriculture, currently also includes the usage of helicopters and airplanes.
14. Assistive Technology
This technology is utilized by individuals with disabilities to assist them in performing certain tasks that are impossible or difficult for them to perform. Assistive technology is currently being utilized in numerous ways. For instance, schools use certain assistive technology tools to help autistic students to learn and understand better, some tools are utilized to aid individuals with disabled legs or bodies to move on their own, speech recognition help individuals who are unable to use the keyboard to be able to utilize a computer for their needs.
With the advancement of technology, assistive tools and applications have made it possible and easier for individuals with disabilities to perform various tasks that were otherwise not possible for them to accomplish.
This technology is a category of software and hardware which controls and monitors the ways in which the physical devices perform. Operation technology came as a result of long phases of evolution. Knowledge is a result of experimentation and observation of numerous years of productive processes.
Operation technology was primarily utilized in industrial control systems for utilities, transportation, and manufacturing – in contrast to information technology; the technologies that managed the operations in these industries were not networked. Majority of the tools for making adjustments and for monitoring of physical devices were merely mechanical. The ones that included digital controls only utilized proprietary closed protocols.
However, in today’s world, those physical devices have evolved with the help of technological advancements. Wireless technology has given administrators and managers of operational technology with enhanced monitoring systems, as well as the capability of remotely controlling the physical devices. Advancement in machine learning and machine-to-machine communication has led to significant systemic transformation. This has provided the opportunity to analyze the data produced by physical devices in real time to enhance uptime, improve autonomy, and enable preventive maintenance.
Entertainment technology is the utilization of modern technology to create or enhance the entertainment experience. The entertainment industry is too vast and individuals want to be entertained in their own way. Modern technology has been utilized to create musical systems, video games and more to keep individuals entertained.
This type of technology includes:
- Interactive environments
- Computer simulations
- Scenery fabrication
- Show control
- Light field devices
- High dynamic range
- Augmented reality
In the game design and animation, entertainment technology means real entertainment experience which has become possible with the advent of computer-mediated digital technologies. Entertainment technology has traditionally emerged from theatrical stagecraft, which is a significant subset of this discipline. The scope and range of this practice have increased with the emergence and development of advancing technologies which has led to new venues and types of entertainment.
To sum it up, the progress in various sectors due to technology has been astounding. Technology is applied to almost each and every aspect of our everyday life. It is utilized at home and at work, it is used for improving businesses, securing data, manufacturing products and tools, learning, transportation and communication. Technology is human knowledge which uses systems, materials, and tools to improve our lifestyle.
Technology has also played an integral role in changing the dynamics of the business world. Currently, numerous companies, big and small, utilize the latest tools and software to determine the needs of their consumers and to provide them personalized and high-quality experiences. People can remotely work from all over the globe, process online payments, store and protect their data in the cloud and whatnot! It allows businesses in all sectors to stay ahead of the competition, produce innovative services and products, and also deliver those services and products to consumers within their budget, on time, and anywhere in the world.
These are the type of technologies that were deemed impossible centuries ago but have been made possible because of the reliability and scalability of data centers, research, and modern development tools.