Melodrama (derived from Greek roots meaning music-perform) began in the mid-18th century as recitations with accompanying music. (That’s right- every inspirational speech on TV is technically melodrama.) The form grew, however, and around the time a bunch of upstarts in Philadelphia decided they were tired of taxes and tea, full staged melodramas were the form du jour in Germany. These were basically plays with sections of musical accompaniment, and mono- and duo-dramas with melodic accompaniment started popping up all over the place. Mozart, Beethoven, and Weber featured melodramatic sequences in their operas, to name a few, and the tradition continued into the 19th and 20th centuries via operettas and musicals.
Towards the end of the 19th century, melodrama had started to take on negative connotations, with the term usually referring to rhymed spoken words (often poetry) spoken over piano accompaniment (19th century European rap?). This was considered a form for lesser artists, and staged melodramas fared no better- in England, they came to be almost exclusively rote tales with a set pool of caricatures for characters, similar to commedia dell’arte. Melodrama was still popular with the public, but its perceived artistic merit was debatable at best. Due to the heightened nature of melodrama, it was a natural fit with early film and radio, but as audiences grew increasingly sophisticated, this was moved away from. In TV, the same was true, but a particular niche opened up in the form of soap operas. Begun as extensions of successful radio plays, soap operas have been a TV staple for decades, only starting to decline in recent years.
An easy argument could be made that almost all film and television is melodrama, spoken word over accompanimental music used to heighten or complement the emotions of a scene, that it is only exaggerated or poorly executed melodrama that rankles, and that the term is misused and is not in fact a true synonym of those words listed above. This is technically true, but only addresses the early incarnations of the genre and conveniently ignores the later forms. What of them? Why has this form remained popular so long, and why is it so critically snubbed?
Melodrama, in its later forms, has remained popular for centuries for a simple, but perhaps unexpected reason- it’s relatable. The characters are usually broad types that allow the audience to identify with them, to put the specifics of their life around the edges of the performance. Everyone feels like the hero in their story. Everyone has a bitchy neighbor, a wo/man of their dreams, or a boss who seems dead set against them. The emotions are also heightened and everything has enormous stakes, as many people perceive the events in their lives, at one point or another. People can use melodramas as a way to purge themselves of pent-up emotion by tying it in to the performance (not dissimilar to gamers taking out aggression via first person shooters), or subconsciously feel justified in their own extreme emotions, if particularly upset.
Why, then, are melodramas considered somehow lesser? The answer is again simple. They’re not. Not really. The truth is, almost all dramatic television is highly derivative of melodrama, and many of the successful comedies are too. Many look down their noses at soap operas, but this year has seen at least three network series feature evil twins, to name one soap opera cliché, and the number of series with tortured or forbidden romances is frankly absurd. Of the 12 shows nominated for the Outstanding Series Emmy this past year, only three lack distinct melodramatic or soap opera elements (Friday Night Lights, Modern Family, and 30 Rock). If anything, critically lauded shows traffic in these tropes more than less notable shows. “Melodrama” still has a strong stigma attached to it, but that doesn’t change the realities of the current TV landscape, and it doesn’t change what people want to see and what many writers want to explore in their series. Melodrama has been around for hundreds of years, it speaks to certain truths of the human experience, and has potential for greatness. Why not give it the respect it deserves.
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